What you need to know about infectious deseases - an excellent article

Many people think of bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms as our enemy. The germ theory of disease, first proposed in the 19th century, maintained that illness springs from the actions of infecting microorganisms. Germ theory was crucial in identifying many diseases caused by microbes and in finding ways to prevent them through such measures as immunization, sanitation, and improved living conditions.

Link Found Between Autism and Ultrafine Particles Breathed During Pregnancy

New Bacterial Threat -- Elizabethkingia in Wisconsin

The outbreak of the unusually named Elizabethkingia anophelis bacteria as of April 13 had caused at least 18 deaths out of the 59 confirmed cases and another death related to four possible cases reported since Nov. 1, 2015, according to the Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Division of Public Health

Can Airborne Allergens be Deadly?

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA), asthma is characterized by inflammation of the air passages resulting in thetemporary narrowing of the airways that transport air from the nose and mouth to the lungs. Asthma symptoms can be caused by allergens or irritants that are inhaled into the lungs, resulting in inflamed, clogged and constricted airways. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing tightness in the chest. In severe cases, asthma can be deadly.

Deadly bacteria defy drugs, alarming doctors

When Ruth Burns had surgery to relieve a pinched nerve in her back, the operation was supposed to be an "in-and-out thing," recalled her daughter, Kacia Warren. But Burns developed pneumonia and was put on a ventilator. Five days later, she was discharged -- only to be rushed by her daughter to the hospital hours later, disoriented and in alarming pain. Seventeen days after the surgery, the 67-year-old nurse was dead.

Particles' "Float-Time" shows how Ultrafine particles can hover almost forever

The size of particulate matter is the dominant factor when determining the quality, importance, and behavior of a particle.

Airborne Spread of Clostridium difficile

Hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infections are a growing problem in hospitals in the U.S. and many other countries. Clostridium difficile is transmitted from patient to patient, and this transmission has proven to be hard to interrupt.

A recent paper authored by British researchers, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, demonstrates that the spores may also be spread through the air

Battle to control TB has failed

Global efforts to control tuberculosis have failed and radical new approaches are needed, experts said Wednesday.  With more than 9 million people infected last year, including 2 million deaths, officials say there is more tuberculosis now than at any other time in history.

Hospital Aquired Infections Paper

Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in hospitals impose significant economic consequences on the nation’s healthcare system.  The purpose of this report is to update the annual national direct medical costs of HAIs based on published studies selected for this analysis. 

How Infectious Diseases Work

The human body is both surrounded and inhabited by billions of microorganisms (living organisms that are so small that they can be seen only with a microscope). Most microorganisms are harmless or even beneficial; for example, bacteria that normally live in the digestive system help digest food. Occasionally, however, a microorganism capable of causing a disease invades the body. Diseases caused by such microorganisms are called infectious diseases.

Legionella Standard

According to Building Operating Management magazine, expert Victor Yu, MD, Professor of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh; Chief, Infectious Disease Section, VA Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA disclosed that Up to 70% of all buildings greater than three stories in the US may be contaminated with Legionella.”

Mold Information article

Molds are a type of fungi and are neither plant nor animal. There are over 100,000 types of mold with at least 1,000 types found in North America and live in colonies growing on food, fabric, bathroom walls, construction materials, and soil. Mold proliferates through the release of spores into the air we breathe and are not visible to the naked eye.

The Real Dangers of Air Pollution

It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out that there are better things you could do for your health than take deep breaths on a smoggy day. A growing pile of research suggests that even relatively low levels of air pollution may be more harmful than previously realized, to both heart and lungs.

Benefits of Good IAQ In Schools

Schools may increase their attendance rates by managing IAQ.  Indoor air quality (IAQ) is a critical component of providing a healthy and comfortable learning environment. IAQ affects the health, productivity, performance, and comfort of students, teachers, and staff. Good IAQ helps schools meet their core mission -- educating children.

Energy Analysis for all Genano Products

Covers the amazing savings when using GENANO Products versus FILTER-based systems.

The Smallest of Pollutants Are Linked to Outsize Health Risks

Sitting in traffic triples a person's short-term heart-attack risk. Living in a city with heavy air pollution such as Los Angeles is as risky for the heart as being a former smoker. And having a house near a highway ups the risk of hardened arteries by some 60 percent. In each case, tiny "ultrafine" particles in the air may be a key culprit.

Aerosol Transmission of Influenza A Virus

In theory, influenza viruses can be transmitted through aerosols, large droplets, or direct contact with secretions (or fomites). These 3 modes are not mutually exclusive. Published findings that support the occurrence of aerosol transmission were reviewed to assess the importance of this mode of transmission. Published evidence indicates that aerosol transmission of influenza can be an important mode of transmission, which has obvious implications for pandemic influenza planning and in particular

Cleaner Air May Lengthen Life

A 2-decade decline in air pollution in dozens of U.S. cities has added an average of about 5 months to residents’ lives, according to a new study.  Scientists already had ample evidence of the harmful health effects of air pollution.

How to Improve Indoor Air Quality in Your Home

It may surprise you to know that air pollution levels within the modern home can be two to five times higher than the levels outdoors. Combine that with the fact that the average person can spend up to ninety percent of their time inside, is it any wonder that the term Sick Building Syndrome has become a new adage in the English language?

Improving Indoor Air Quality in Classrooms Leads to Higher Test Scores

Education budgets are tight. Politicians are busy putting limits on school budgets to "put more money in the classroom." The problem is - if you do not provide safe, healthy and encouraging environments, it does not matter how much you restrict spending on infrastructure, the end product - educated students - is going to be limited. That statement may sound overdramatic, but the reality is that environmental conditions have an impact on student performance.

Air Pollution Causes and Effects

 The primary air pollutants found in most urban areas are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, hydrocarbons, and particulate matter (both solid and liquid). These pollutants are dispersed throughout the world's atmosphere in concentrations high enough to gradually cause serious health problems.

Asthma facts program article by CDC

The estimated total cost of asthma to society, including medical expenses ($50.1 billion per year), loss of productivity resulting from missed school or work days ($3.8 billion per year), and premature death ($2.1 billion per year), was $56 billion.

CDC Urges Caution when Cleaning Mold

Moisture and standing water often leads to the rapid appearance of mold on previously flooded surfaces; it may grow on exposed surfaces as well as inside (unseen) surfaces and can form within one to two days after flooding. Mold developing in indoor environments poses a health risk to many people, who may experience stuffy nose, eye irritation, skin irritation, or wheezing.

Air Pollution Harms Patients After Heart Attack

Tiny particles in air pollution can harm people with coronary artery disease by crippling the ability of the heart to conduct electrical signals, Harvard University researchers report.

Pollution from cars and trucks and industrial plants has been shown to trigger heart attacks, but exactly how it does that hasn't been well-known, researchers say.



As modern medicine improves at warp speed then why has asthma prevalence rates jumped sharply in the U.S.?

A good article about Pneumonia Questions

Pneumonia is infection of the small air sacs of the lungs (alveoli) and surrounding tissues.  The infection causes inflammation and deterioration of lung function. The lungs become unable to easily transfer oxygen to the blood, increasing the work of breathing.

600 cities in Toxic Air - EPA

People living in nearly 600 neighborhoods across the country are breathing concentrations of toxic air pollutants that put them at a much greater risk of contracting cancer, according to new data from the Environmental Protection Agency.

An article about the Indoor Environments Division of the EPA

The Agency defines indoor air pollution as chemical, physical or biological contaminants in the breathable air inside a habitable structure or conveyance, such as in homes, schools, offices, and vehicles. Sources of indoor air pollution include natural sources, building materials, products, and occupant activities.

An article by the EPA about Flood Cleanup

During a flood cleanup, the indoor air quality in your home or office may appear to be the least of your problems. However, failure to remove contaminated materials and to reduce moisture and humidity can present serious long term health risks

ASTHMA Financial Burden Report in Florida

Asthma, especially uncontrolled asthma, creates a considerable economic burden at the national, state, community, and family level, and costs have been increasing significantly over time. This report details the substantial charges incurred to Florida’s healthcare system from emergency department visits and hospitalizations due to asthma.


The most commonly identified multidrug-resistant strain of Staph cropping up in hospitals worldwide is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Labeled a super bug because it is resistant to so many antibiotics, MRSA is a formidable enemy: It is about two-and-a-half times more lethal than infections that are treatable with methicillin

EPA - 600 cities in Toxic Air

People living in nearly 600 neighborhoods across the country are breathing concentrations of toxic air pollutants that put them at a much greater risk of contracting cancer, according to new data from the Environmental Protection Agency.

A Fortune Article about the Owner of GENANO - FINLAND

A Fortune article about the owner of GENANO.

Infection Prevention Imperatives

The axiom “the more things change, the more they stay the same” easily could be applied to the practice of INFECTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL. While experiencing a spike in the number of more sophisticated, evolving tasks infection preventionists now must perform, they are still endeavoring to get back to basics.



Carbon Nanotubes may or may not impact health.